Tanning for Beginners
Darkening of the skin is our body’s response to ultraviolet (UV) radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. It has three wave ranges counted in units of light waves:
UVA – is the radiation in the wavelength range 320-400 nm. The Earth is reached by as much as 95 per cent of this kind of radiation. It accumulates in the skin resulting in its long-term pigmentation.
UVB – is radiation in the wavelength range 280-320 nm. It is at its most intense at noon in summer. After a few minutes of exposure its effects are visible on the skin.
UVC – is radiation in the wavelength range 200-280 nm. It is fully absorbed by the Earth’s atmosphere.
Human skin is adjusted to the sun, which is governed by a simple rule – the more the skin is exposed to it, the darker and thicker it becomes, and therefore protection from UV rays is better. Melanin, a natural pigment formed in the process of melanogenesis, is responsible for brown skin tone. Thanks to UV radiation it is released into the cells of the epidermis and forms a kind of natural sunscreen as well as neutralising free radicals. In people with fair skin, melanin is found only in the base layer of the skin, whereas dark-skinned people have it in all skin layers.
10 simple steps to a GLOW skin
1. Do not overdo exposure to the sun. The rules are simple – no more than once a day. Up to 10 tanning sessions during the first month and then just 1 to 2 sessions per week in order to maintain proper skin tone.
2. Before your first visit to the tanning studio, read safety measures and contraindications for sunbathing. There are diseases and conditions where it is inadvisable to use a sunbed. If you are taking medication, check if you should wait for the effects to wear off.
3. Use a scrub before each tanning session. Exfoliation helps you keep your tan longer, but it should be done with sensitivity. Too strong a scrub may cause microdamage to the skin, and may be a source of discomfort while tanning.
4. Adjust tanning duration to your complexion and current condition of the skin. Our staff will be happy to advise you.
5. If your hair is long, tie it in a ponytail or plait it. Do not cover the face or neck.
6. Remove makeup from your face before tanning. Cosmetics make your skin more sensitive to UV irritation, at the same time increasing the risk of burns.
7. Before and after tanning use skin care cosmetics. Ask about bronzing cream or tan accelerator before the session. Make sure to apply appropriate hydration for the body and consolidation tan cream afterwards. Also feel free to ask the staff to recommend professional tanning cosmetics.
8. If you are using a sunbed for the first time, ask the staff about all the possible options. This will allow you to take full advantage of the tanning device.
9. Always use safety goggles and keep your eyes closed when tanning.
10. Wait at least forty-eight hours before the next tanning session. During this time, you can observe your skin’s reaction to a tanning session and estimate whether it is satisfactory.
I. Gaelic/Celtic Type: very pale almost white skin, often with a lot of freckles; blond or red hair; very clear eyes: light green or blue.
This type of skin burns very easily and never tans (lack of skin pigmentation). Individuals with Celtic skin phototype cannot use a sunbed (the skin will never tan to brown), while on the beach one should protect the skin with a very high filter (at least SPF 30 or preferably, sunblock)
II. The North European Type: light skin, easily freckled, usually blue, green or grey eyes, either a light or dark shade of blond hair.
The main feature of this phototype is that a small dose of radiation causes reddening of the skin, and only after a number of short sessions does the skin becomes tanned. This type of skin requires careful dosage of tanning in order to avoid burns.
III. The Central European Type: slightly swarthy complexion, dark blond or brown hair, gray, hazel, brown, or blue eyes. People with this skin phototype tan quickly under the sun exposure and rarely suffer from sunburn.
IV. Southern European Type: typically swarthy complexion, naturally dark hair, eyes of intense bronze colour. People with this skin type never have freckles. The characteristic feature of this phototype is maximum resistance to burns.
V. This phototype occurs among Yellow and Arabian races. The representatives are naturally dark, which is a natural sun protection.
VI. This phototype is characteristic of the dark-skinned people in Africa and other continents.
Since the dawn of time, an appropriate dose of the sun’s rays is regarded as necessary for the proper development and functioning of the human body.
The production of vitamin D3 serves as example, for it is essential to prevent osteoporosis (a progressive loss of bone mass) and rickets (impaired bone mineralization). It takes place only when there is a sufficient presence of sunlight.
In addition, scientists have recently discovered a positive effect on the progress of many diseases. Light treatment is used for:
– depression syndromes and other mood disorders
– Atopic dermatitis
– Rickets in children
– Softening of the bones in adults, known as osteomalacia.
Light treatment is beneficial for people who spend a lot of time indoors. Light is also used for treating sleep disorders and biological rhythms, which affect people working night shift, as well as those travelling to other time zones.
– The first sunbed served for health purposes rather than cosmetics – the UVA-emitting device created by Fridrich Wolf was intended to treat diseases caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.
– Many religions worshipped the sun as a god, and in many languages Sunday means the day of the sun.
– The use of sunblock creams blocks almost 100 percent of the dermal synthesis of vitamin D.